Between 1852 and 1853, during the reign of King Bagan, the Second Anglo-Burmese War broke out and central Burma, including Rangoon, fell to the British. The British occupied the lower and central parts of Burma. I often face small battles fought by the rebels and others.
At this point, the British started a prison system to maintain order and administration.The prison was opened in 1864, and it was placed under the authority of the King of Medicine, and at the same time overseeing the city’s sanitation and vaccination departments.
There was no modern prison system in Burma, so after the construction of Rangoon Prison in 1861, the construction of Insein Prison, the largest not only in Burma but also in Southeast Asia, began in 1889, four years after King Thibaw.
Before the construction of the prison, Insein was only a small village. The area around Ywama village is covered with forests and is connected to Mingaladon forest. Insein Prison was started in 1889 and opened in July 1892.
Prior to the construction of the prison, the grounds of the current Insein Prison compound were covered with mango orchards, kansu and pinne farms, and the British government compensated and confiscated the lands and designated the prison area. Since Rangoon Prison was being used at that time, Rangoon Prison recruited prisoners who were convicted for less than six months and ordered the construction of Insein Prison.
There were about 400 workers inmates. At that time, the workers had to live and sleep inside the two-story wall because the buildings were not yet completed. The six dormitories were built by inmates as well as outside engineers and architects. For the security of the prison and the safety of the prisoners, barracks were erected on the east side of Insein Prison and the police were stationed.
At that time, the so-called joint prison was not a separate prison, but it was a farm for working prisoners and the police. It took almost four years to build the two-story prison walls. When the wall was finished, the walls were painted red earth.
Insein Central Prison is located on the waterfront of Insein Hlaing River. The total prison area is 165,768 acres.The total area of the adjoining area is 14,729 acres, and if you subtract all of them, including 46,293 acres of farmland and farmland, the total land area of Insein Prison is 104,746 acres.
The location of Insein Prison faces Insein Hlaing Riverside Road, which is adjacent to a roadside prison fence, 1,160 feet from the main road to the front of the inner prison.
By the time the British government built Insein Prison, some prisons had already been built in other cities across Burma, so they designed and built Insein Prison in their own way. If you look at Insein Prison from above, you can see that it looks like an ancient clock. It has two walls and the outer wall is 18 feet high.
The inner wall is 7 feet high. It is 190 feet between the inner wall and the outer wall. There are 16 corners in the clock box.The clock tower is a two-story system of prisoner dormitories. In the center of the dormitory is a 63-foot-high central tower, and a large kitchen is built around it.
At the heart of the tower are two-story dormitories built around the clock, with the aim of making it easier for prisoners to get out of their dormitories and have a meal in the kitchen.Another goal is to make security guards aware of security issues, such as fighting over dormitories and escaping through walls.
A straight road was built from the east gate of the prison to the central tower of Pho Gyi, and the road was built in a north-south direction around the tower.On either side of the road is a 9-foot-high brick wall, and along the east side of the wall are four buildings, with a 7-foot-wide barrier between each other.
At the time of the construction of Insein Prison, the government had already established prisons in the port cities of Sittwe, Mawlamyine, Myeik, Pathein and Rangoon in the occupied port cities of lower and central Burma.
Therefore, Insein Prison was opened in July 1892. Causal Prisoner, Habitual Prisoner, and Civial Prisoner.Surgeon was the first person to serve as prison warden when Insein Prison opened. Licut Colonel Davicisno. During the Japanese occupation of Burma in 1942 and the Japanese occupation of Burma, Japanese prisons, including Insein Prison, were used by the Japanese as an armory.
In 1946, the Insein Central Prison was reopened after the Japanese left and returned to England. After Burma’s independence in 1948, during the early days of parliamentary democracy, the KNDO captured Insein Central Prison during the Battle of Insein, released all prisoners, and used Insein Prison as a bulwark. Later, all detainees were sent to Insein Prison, leaving only the inmates and prisoners serving less than six months in Rangoon Prison.
Insein Prison is the largest central prison in Burma under the Department of Prisons. According to the British Constitution and the British Prison Manual, only 5,000 prisoners were allowed to be held, but the current situation holds almost 15,000 prisoners due to brutal arrests during the Masala and military dynasties.
After Ne Win’s coup in 1962, Insein Forest became the abode of students and politicians who took part in the protests. In addition to not committing any crime, the students were arrested in Insein Forest (named after the students) by the English lord, the Mahagot vampire spoken by the Burmese. Even the British, who possessed the terms bloodthirsty and expatriate, were sentenced to 30 years in prison. 50 years Political students were tortured by feeding them cruel food and not even animals.
Everything that has ever been crowned with cruelty and unprecedented events in the British era took place during the time of the National Fascists.
Excerpted from Myanmar Prison History Book.
Credit to Original